Kanji: 森

figure_1_kanji etymology_shin

1. Meaning:forest, woods 2. Readings: Kunyomi (訓読み): もり Onyomi (音読み): シン Japanese names: もと Chinese reading: sēn 3. Etymology 森 belongs to the 会意文字 (かいいもじ, kaii moji, i.e. set of characters that are a combination of two or more pictographs, or characters whose meaning was based on an abstract concept). 森 follows a concept of three pictographs of a tree (木, き, ki) combined in one character, and it emphasises thick tree growth, i.e. woods. The definition … [Read more...]

Kanji: 女

figure_1_kanji_etymology_jo

1. Meaning:female, woman 2. Readings: Kunyomi (訓読み): おんな, め Onyomi (音読み): ジョ, ニョ, ニョウ Japanese names: おな, た, つき, な Chinese reading: nǔ, rǔ 3. Etymology 女 belongs to the 象形文字 (しょうけいもじ, shōkeimoji, i.e. set of characters of pictographic origin). It is a pictograph of a woman kneeling on the ground, shown with her arms entangled, holding a garment. The definition of the character 女 found in “Explaining Simple (Characters) and Analyzing Compound Characters” … [Read more...]

Kanji: 出

figure_1_kanji etymology_shutsu

1. Meaning:come out, exit, go out, leave, protrude, put out 2. Readings: Kunyomi (訓読み): い.だす, い.でる, だ.す, -だ.す, -で, で.る Onyomi (音読み): シュツ、 スイ Japanese names: いず, いづ, いで, じ, すっ, すつ, てん Chinese reading: chū 3. Etymology 出 belongs to the 象形文字 (しょうけいもじ, shōkeimoji, i.e., set of characters of pictographic origin). It is a pictograph of a footprint, or more precisely an imprint of the heel with the addition of a curved line engulfing its lower part. The shape … [Read more...]

Kanji: 十

figure_1_kanji_etymology_juu

1. Meaning:ten 2. Readings: Kunyomi (訓読み): と, とお Onyomi (音読み): ジッ, ジュウ, ジュッ Japanese names: い, か, ぎ, さ, し, そ, そう, ち, とう, ね, ま, る, わ Chinese reading: shí 3. Etymology 十 belongs to the 指事文字 (しじもじ, shijimoji, i.e. set of characters expressing simple abstract concepts). The original idea expressed by the oracle bone script (甲骨文, こうこつぶん, kōkotsubun) forms, as well as some of the kinbun (金文, きんぶん, i.e. “text on metal”) forms, suggest that the shape of 十 was based on … [Read more...]

Kanji: 手

figure_1_kanji_etymology_shu

1. Meaning:hand 2. Readings: Kunyomi (訓読み): た-, て, て-, -て Onyomi (音読み): シュ, ズ Japanese names: does not appear in Japanese names Chinese reading: shŏu 3. Etymology 手 belongs to the 象形文字 (しょうけいもじ, shōkeimoji, i.e., set of characters of pictographic origin). It is a pictograph of a hand, shown from the wrist, and with five fingers attached to it. The definition of the character 手 found in “Explaining Simple (Characters) and Analyzing Compound Characters” (說文解字, … [Read more...]

Logic Behind The Magic – Brush Techniques, Part III (b)

figure_1_logic_behind_the_magic-brush_techniques_pIIIb

Part III(a) introduced three groups of brush operation methods, that conclude a calligraphy stroke, namely: 起筆(きひつ, 、kihitsu, lit. “brush awakening”), 送筆(そうひつ, sōhitsu, lit. “sending the brush {on the paper surface}”)), and 収筆(しゅうひつ, 、shūhitsu, lit. “finishing, or, restoring the brush” {to its former position}). In Parts III(b), (c) and (d), I will talk about each of those in detail. In this article, let us focus on the 起筆, i.e. the moment the brush descends to the paper. Given that … [Read more...]

Kanji: 車

figure_1_kanji etymology_sha

1. Meaning:vehicle, car 2. Readings: Kunyomi (訓読み): くるま Onyomi (音読み): シャ Japanese names: くら, くろま Chinese reading: chē, jū (archaic) 3. Etymology 車 belongs to the 象形文字 (しょうけいもじ, shōkeimoji, i.e., set of characters of pictographic origin). It is a pictograph of a wooden cart, or, more precisely, a Chinese rickshaw. Some oracle bone script (甲骨文,  こうこつぶん, kōkotsubun) forms clearly depict two wheels, a cargo space in between, and a long shaft attached to the … [Read more...]